Ethnic violence

Ethnic violence
   Beginning in the late 1980s, ethnic violence emerged as a significant problem within the Soviet Union. The comparatively open environment enabled by glasnost forced many of Joseph Stalin’s crimes against the country’s non-Russian populations, particularly the punished peoples and Ukrainians, into the open. With ethnic nationalism on the rise, Stalin’s delimitation of borders based on the principle of “divide and rule” came under question, as did the situation of “relocated” Soviet citizens, either as internal deportees or “colonizers.” Resentment of ethnic Russians in the Baltic States (and Kazakhstan) and Meskhetian Turks in Uzbekistan led to street clashes and urban rioting with ethnic overtones.
   In Moldova and the Caucasus, the situation degenerated into outright conflict. Slavs and Russophones, fearful of “Romanianization,” mobilized against ethnic Moldovans and created the Transnistrian enclave; Armenians and Azeris conducted a series of pogroms against one another that led to a war over Nagorno-Karabakh; Ingush and Ossetians clashed over property disputes linked to the former’s deportation to Central Asia during World War II; and, in Georgia, there were bloody episodes between ethnic Georgians and minority Abkhazians and Ossetians. These disputes played a high-profile role in the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. The newly independent Russian Federation continued to suffer from ethnic conflict in the North Caucasus, where Muslim/Christian, Turkic/Circassian, and Slav/non-Slav determiners frequently led to ethnically charged violence.
   Since the mid-1990s, the number of xenophobic attacks on nonRussians has skyrocketed. In recent years, neofascist and neo-Nazi youths have targeted immigrants from Central Asia and other parts of the former Soviet Union, including the beheading of a Tajik man in 2007, an attack broadcasted on the Internet. Attacks on Jews and synagogues have also increased in recent years. There have even been attacks on national minorities from within Russia, such as the murder of a Sakha (Yakut) in 2007. Violence directed at ethnic Georgians within Russia also flared around the time of the South Ossetian War. Clashes between non-Slavic ethnic minorities are also on the rise. The majority of such attacks among ethnic groups are rooted in commercial and/or political disputes.
   See also Liberal Democratic Party of Russia.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ethnic violence — (also known as ethnic terrorism or ethnically motivated terrorism) refers to violence that is predominantly framed rhetorically by causes and issues related to ethnic hatred, though ethnic violence is more commonly related to political violence,… …   Wikipedia

  • ethnic violence — mistreatment of people because they belong to a different ethnic group …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Ethnic cleansing — is a euphemism referring to the persecution through imprisonment, expulsion, or killing of members of an ethnic minority by a majority to achieve ethnic homogeneity in majority controlled territory. [ [http://www.merriam… …   Wikipedia

  • Ethnic conflict — An ethnic conflict or ethnic war is a war between ethnic groups often as a result of ethnic nationalism. They are of interest because of the apparent prevalence since the Cold War and because they frequently result in war crimes such as genocide …   Wikipedia

  • ethnic — eth|nic1 W3 [ˈeθnık] adj [Date: 1300 1400; : Late Latin; Origin: ethnicus, from Greek ethnikos, from ethnos nation, people ] 1.) relating to a particular race, nation, or tribe and their customs and traditions ▪ The school teaches pupils from… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • ethnic — 1 adjective 1 connected with a particular race, nation, or tribe and their customs and traditions: The city s population includes a wide range of different ethnic groups. | ethnic Turks living in Bulgaria | ethnic violence/divisions/unrest… …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • violence — vi|o|lence W2S2 [ˈvaıələns] n [U] 1.) behaviour that is intended to hurt other people physically ▪ There is too much sex and violence on TV these days. violence against ▪ violence against women ▪ We condemn any act of violence . ▪ threats of… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Ethnic Communities' Council of New South Wales — The Ethnic Communities Council of New South Wales (ECC) is the peak body representing many organisations and people from the multicultural community in the Australian state of New South Wales. Established in 1975, it is run democratically by its… …   Wikipedia

  • Ethnic succession theory — is a theory in sociology stating that ethnic and racial groups will be the targets of neighborhood segregation only until they achieve economic parity. This group will then move on and be replaced by a new ethnic group in a similar situation.… …   Wikipedia

  • Ethnic nationalism — is a form of nationalism wherein the nation is defined in terms of ethnicity. Whatever specific ethnicity is involved, ethnic nationalism always includes some element of descent from previous generations. It also includes ideas of a culture… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”